A Warming Marine Environment and Fish Populations

Reef Environmental Education Foundation’s (REEF)
Image: reef.org

Edwin Hammond Meredith is a Florida Keys chef who enjoys the full range of outdoor pursuits that the region provides. A scuba diving enthusiast, Edwin Hammond Meredith appreciates the value of marine diversity in the region.

A recent report in the Journal of Biogeography looked at the waters surrounding Florida, Bermuda, and the Caribbean and linked higher ocean temperatures to loss of biodiversity. Part of the Reef Environmental Education Foundation’s (REEF) fish survey project, the research utilized the efforts of volunteer scuba divers. Over the past quarter century, thousands of marine citizen scientists have input fish species data based on their observations into the REEF database.

The resulting map provides a snapshot of marine diversity in which the coral reefs and coastal sites of the Florida Keys and the Dutch Antilles have high marine life diversity. At the same time, northern Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, and Bermuda have a relative scarcity of species. Unfortunately, warmer temperatures are associated with greater biodiversity only up to a point. When the temperature rises beyond 80 degrees Fahrenheit, diversity is impacted and fish populations become sparser.

Basic Tools for Ice Climbing

Ice Climbing pic

Ice Climbing
Image: rei.com

Edward Hammond Meredith provides professional chef services in the Florida Keys area. Outside of work, Edward Hammond Meredith enjoys a number of outdoor adventure activities, including ice climbing.

Ice climbing offers an experience unlike any other form of climbing. Before you set out, it’s important to have the right gear.

A helmet and harness are some of the requisite equipment. Many experienced climbers already have these items, but if you have never climbed before, you’ll have to purchase these. For veteran climbers who already have harnesses, take note that for ice climbing, you’ll need a larger harness, as you will typically wear heavier clothing due to the lower temperatures.

Climbing rope is another self-explanatory item one needs in order to ice climb. Additionally, a solid pair of mountain boots is a must-have accessory. Small plates that fit on the front of these boots, known as crampons, are also compulsory. The crampon has spikes on the front that allow climbers to kick a foothold into the ice where a natural one may not be available. Ice tools such as a pick are necessary as well to get a good grip on the ice shelves.

Starting Gear for Paddle Boarding

Stand Up Paddle Board

Based in the Florida Keys, professional chef Edwin Hammond Meredith regularly participates in several water sports. In recent years, Edwin Hammond Meredith has developed a particular enjoyment of stand up paddle boarding and has completed several long-distance races throughout Florida.

Stand up paddle boarding is a fun and challenging water sport that tests balance and coordination. As with most sports, there are some key pieces of gear one will need in order to get started.

As the name of the sport suggests, the first thing you will need is an actual stand up paddle board. These boards are available in a number of styles, measuring 8-12 feet long and 28-32 inches across. While they may resemble surfboards, stand up paddle boards are fabricated with a thicker construction, often composed of a foam core coated with epoxy and fiberglass. Beginners should stick with boards that have the most surface area, meaning the longest, thickest, and widest boards.

Paddles can be fashioned from a number of materials such as wood, plastic, carbon fiber, and aluminum. When paddling on flat water, it’s best to use a long paddle. Choppier, more active water calls for a shorter paddle.

A leash is a strap that wraps around the lower part of the leg (calf or ankle) that connects the paddler to his or her board. A good rule of thumb is to select a leash that is the same length as your board. A leash helps you stay with your board in the event you get tossed from it by wind or waves.

How to Keep Your Ferret Healthy

Ferrets

Professional chef and stand-up paddle boarding enthusiast Edwin Hammond Meredith lives in the Florida Keys. An animal lover, Edwin Hammond Meredith enjoys looking after his pet ferrets.

Ferrets may live for as long as 13 years, meaning owners must be vigilant regarding the animal’s health care needs. Heartworm and fleas pose a particular risk to ferrets, so use a general preventive treatment for both conditions once a month. Further, have the ferret vaccinated every year to protect against canine distemper, which is a serious viral disease with no cure.

Captive ferrets tend to display the same behavior as wild ferrets in regard to hiding illness. As such, take ferrets below the age of five to a veterinarian once a year, upping the number of visits to two per year as the ferret ages.

Finally, have your ferret de-sexed before it reaches sexual maturity, which occurs between the ages of six and 12 months. Female ferrets, in particular, suffer the consequences of delayed de-sexing procedures, as once they enter heat they remain in that condition until they mate. This extended period of heat often results in Pyometra, which is a uterine condition that is occasionally fatal.

Safety Tips for Stand-Up Paddleboarders

Stand-Up Paddleboarders pic

Stand-Up Paddleboarders
Image: rei.com

Edwin Hammond Meredith is a Florida Keys chef with a long-standing interest in stand-up paddleboarding (SUP). Taking advantage of the Keys’ abundant recreational offerings, Edwin Hammond Meredith has participated in long-distance water crossings with other SUP enthusiasts, and he completed one memorable 44-mile crossing from Key Largo to Flamingo, Florida.

With life jacket requirements in place in many states, the US Coast Guard considers paddleboards as vessels, and holds them to the rules that govern boats. Large sail and motor vessels have right of way over SUP boards, and one basic aspect of maintaining safety is staying clear of oncoming traffic. Visibility can be an issue; bright clothing is recommended, along with a whistle that allows you to issue a high-pitched alert if necessary.

Beyond these considerations, carry a light when paddling at night, and always wear a leg leash. While the latter may seem superfluous in calm waters, it helps ensure that you do not get separated from the board should you lose balance and fall into the water. It also helps to ensure ready access to the buoyant board in case of waves and strong winds.

The Benefits to Your Career of Learning a Second Language

 

Learning a Second Language pic

Learning a Second Language
Image: actfl.org

From his home in the Florida Keys, Edwin Hammond Meredith balances his career as a chef with his love of outdoor activities, such as sailing and snowboarding. A keen student of other cultures, Edwin Hammond Meredith enjoys exploring and developing his skills in foreign languages.

Learning a second language offers a range of benefits, particularly when it comes to career options. An article posted on the Minnesota State website points to a survey that suggests that North American recruiters will be placing increasing emphasis on finding people who are bilingual, with 66 percent expressing the opinion that knowing a second language will become increasingly important in business over the course of the next decade.

The same article also points to additional research, carried out by language education company RosettaStone, which shows that those who know at least one foreign language enjoy higher incomes to those who don’t, to the tune of $10,000 per year.

As for which languages are most likely to be beneficial, in the United States job market, it is best to learn Spanish, Italian, or French, though many employers are now looking for people who are skilled with Mandarin given the continued expansion of business interests in China.

Explaining the Triangle Position in Ice Climbing

Ice Climbing pic

Ice Climbing
Image: climbing.com

An outdoorsman, Edwin Hammond Meredith is a professional chef who plies his trade in the Florida Keys. In addition to enjoying water sports, Edwin Hammond Meredith goes ice climbing when he gets the opportunity.

The triangle position is one of the fundamental techniques that ice climbers need to master if they are to stay safe. It offers increased efficiency and stability in climbing through the use of a simple sequence of movements that involve the proper manipulation of the climber’s center of mass, his crampons, and his ice tools.

To begin, the climber will position himself on the ice with feet approximately shoulder-width apart and tools above the head, in line with the belly button and staggered, which means one will be stuck in the ice lower than the other.

With knees bent and hips drawn forward, the climber will then briefly hang, with a straight arm, from the highest ice tool, with feet aligned below it. Small upward steps are taken until the climber’s shoulder is aligned with the lower ice tool, at which point he spreads out his legs again while keeping the belly button aligned with the higher tool.

To complete the sequence, the lower ice tool will then be loosened and placed above the climber’s head and the other tool. The triangle position sequence is then restarted based on this new tool positioning.